ISO 45001 certification in Malaysia is an international standard which sets out criteria for Occupational Health and Safety Management System and standard helps in protection of workers globally. It is set to extremely develop stages of workplace health and safety. ISO 45001 certification in Malaysia standard is designed and developed to take into account other existing occupational health and safety standards such as OHSAS 18001.
Clause 5 leadership, and sub clause 5.1 focus on how leadership is required to demonstrate commitment to the OH&S management system, they are required to take accountability and responsibility for the OH&S management system and its performance. It was set direction and objectives and review performance. They must ensure that occupational health and safety is integrated into the business processes and the importance of health and safety is communicated. Then ensure they provide resources which is both human capital and infrastructure. There must support, direct and protect workers. ISO 45001 is one of the first standards to ensure that top management has to implement a positive culture and ensure a positive climate within the organization. Top management needs to ensure that there are health and safety committees functioning within the business. They also have to ensure effective worker consultation and participation.
Clause 5.2 focuses on occupational health and safety policy. This is management’s opportunity to define exactly what their commitments are to the health and safety management system, top management commitments in the policy must include a commitment to provide a safe and healthy working environment, prevent work related injury and ill health, comply with legal and other requirements. Eliminate hazards and reduce OH&S risk, continually improve the OH&S management system and ensure effective worker consultation and participation. The policy must be relevant and appropriate to the organization. It must be documented, communicated and available as documented information.
Course 5.3 focuses on organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities. Here’s where top management can demonstrate how they cascade all the various roles, responsibilities and authorities throughout the organization. Roles and Responsibilities must be communicated and available as documented information. So management can assign responsibilities through a variety of different documents, such as legal appointment letters, job descriptions, contracts and work instructions for low level operators.
Clause 5.4 focuses on work consultation and participation this is a great emphasis in ISO 45001 and key to ensuring effective consultation and participation is the first part of clause 5.4 where the company must provide time, training and timely access to information they must identify barriers and remove obstacles in terms of consultation and participation. In essence, an organization can’t hope to have effective consultation and participation of workers. If they’re not providing information which is understandable within a reasonable time frame for workers to be able to apply their mind to give a suitable response.
Worker consultation is required around the occupational health and safety policy needs of interested in effective parties, the assignment of roles and responsibilities in the organization, compliance planning and objectives, external providers, OH&S performance, the audit program and improvements. Worker participation is required especially around the process was to find how workers will participate and be consulted. Risks and opportunities hazards and how to eliminate them and how to reduce risks competency requirements for workers, communication, risk controls and investigations.
Consultation is you are basically asked your opinion before management makes a decision. Participation means that you are actively involved in the decision-making process.